What will be the basis for God judging lost humanity at the Great White Throne?


The gospel of the grace of God. Acts 20:24; 1 Corinthians 15:1-4;

Romans 2:16

‘in the day when God will judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.’

Romans 2:16 is definitive, there is no question, no way to wiggle out or twist this passage to make it mean anything else than what the normal or literal reading of the verse clearly states.
That all of lost humanity from the time of Cain will be judged by the gospel the ascended Lord Jesus Christ revealed to Paul. 


Let’s examine the passage.

Romans 2:16a

In the day…

What day is the apostle Paul is writing about? The Great White Throne Judgement written about in the book of Revelation chapter 20:11-15.

Romans 2:16b

…when God will judge…

God the Son, Jesus Christ, will be the One to Judge at the Great White Throne (Revelation 20:11-13)

It was God the Son, Who created everything, it was God the Son that holds everything together, it was God the Son, Jesus Christ that shed His blood at the cross for the sin of mankind, was buried and rose from the dead three days later. Only Christ is worthy to open the seals on the scroll to past judgment on Christ rejecting mankind during Jacob’s trouble, and it will be God the Son, Jesus Christ, the King of kings judging lost humanity at the Great White Throne.

Romans 2:16c

…the secrets of men…

Jesus Christ will judge the very thoughts of evil mankind (Psalms 139:1-4; Hebrews 4:12)

Romans 2:16d

…by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.

Not a gospel by Paul but the gospel that was revealed to Paul alone by the ascended Lord in Glory (Galatians 1:11,12; Acts 20:24; Ephesians 3:7; 2 Timothy 2:8) eleven years AFTER Pentecost. The gospel by which God the Son, took on flesh, died on the cross, shed His blood, was buried and rose from the dead three days later fulfilling all the demands of a Holy God.

So that now, ALL MANKIND both Jew and Gentile have access to Israel’s God apart from the Mosaic law and temple worship. Where the basis of salvation is by faith alone in the gospel of grace (Romans 10:8,9; Ephesians 2:8,9) .


It is the finished work of the cross that is the basis for judgment at the Great White Throne. The apostle Paul refers to “my gospel” again in Romans 16:25. 

Romans 16:25

‘Now to Him who is able to establish you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery kept secret since the world began’

The “my gospel” that the apostle Paul refers to by which all of lost humanity will be judged is best delineated in 1 Corinthians 15:1-4.

‘Moreover, brethren, I declare to you the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received and in which you stand, by which also you are saved, if you hold fast that word which I preached to you—unless you believed in vain. For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures,’


Scripture is clear that when that day comes when lost humanity is judged by Jesus Christ, it will be the finished work of the cross, the gospel of grace by which God the Son, will judge the very thoughts (secrets) of those standing before Him at the Great White Throne.


Thank you for reading.


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Jamie Pantastico

Mesa Bible Study

Faith, Sine Quo Non




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